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Selecting just the right orchid is a lot of fun, but before purchasing, there are a few things you should know about yourself and orchids.


Before heading to the store or shopping online for an orchid or even attending an orchid show, I recommend having a general idea about what you want before making the purchase. Are you looking for an easy-care orchid, or are you ready to take on a more challenging variety? Is a beautiful orchid from the grocery just what you’re looking for, or are you willing to pay more online for a specific variety that is unavailable at the grocery store? There are no right or wrong answers to these questions. It is just a matter of preference and budget 😉

After deciding which kind of orchid you are interested in, I’ll show you how to select the healthiest plant, from roots to buds.

Tips on choosing an orchid. How to get the best orchid of the lot.

Some of the links on this page may be affiliate links. Click here to learn more.

Easiest Care Orchids

If you are going for best-odds, I recommend a Phalaenopsis.  This is the orchid found in most grocery stores. They come in a variety of colors and the flowers can last for several months. Phals are available in both standard size or mini, and the care is about the same.  Though the minis will need to be watered more frequently as their pot size is very small.  

If you are not in a rush for your plant, I suggest talking to the store clerk over the floral department and asking when their orchid shipments come in.  This way you will get the best selection and the healthiest plants.  


If you’d like to learn more about purchasing Phalaenopsis orchids online, click here.

More Adventurous Orchids

If you want something a little out of the ordinary, go for it!  They are definitely worth the effort.  There is nothing quite like watching a  lady’s-slipper, Paphiopedilum, slowly open.  It’s quite magical, really.  The fragrance of some Oncidiums can fill a room, in a good way.  I have a Brassia, also known as a spider orchid,  with a heavenly scent–an all-natural air freshener without harsh chemicals.  Cymbidiums are real show-stoppers.  Storms may rage (literal or metaphorical), but you will have your own corner of paradise.

If you don’t have a local shop specializing in orchids, there are online options available.  When making your selection, either local or online, talk to the seller about the orchids.  If they don’t seem knowledgeable, find another seller.  Many of the same guidelines that apply to the easy-care Phalaenopsis apply to other orchids.

Paphiopedilum – SLIPPER ORCHIDS


If you don’t have a lot of light, grow a Paphiopedilum These easy to grow orchids doesn’t mind repotting and blooms once a year and many varieties have lovely dappled leaves. To check out online buying options for a Paphiopedilum, click here.



The Brassia is an easy to grow orchid that blooms and reblooms like nobody’s business. BONUS: this orchid has a lovely fragrance. For more information on buying Brassia orchids online, click here.



Cymbidiums are easy to grow orchids and easy to bloom if you remember one thing: make sure it gets a winter rest with temperatures down in the 40s F/4.4-7 C. This is a link for a Cymbidium without such extreme temperature requirements. For Cymbidium online buying options, click here.

To learn about 25 easy-to-grow orchids, click here.

Be a Discerning Shopper

If you purchase your orchid online, you will be depending on the seller to select your orchid for you. Online sellers want you to have a good experience. They know that you, the buyer, have high expectations. Most of the time when shopping online there is a place where you can comment. It is appropriate to let the seller know what you are looking for in terms of a healthy plant. When purchasing online plants I have even called and talked to the seller and asked specific questions about different plants. I have never been disappointed.

If you have the opportunity to go to an orchid show I definitely recommend it! This is an excellent chance to talk to vendors who really know orchids. Before going, I like to have a general idea of what kind of orchid I want. At the top of my list is: will it live happily in my house? I’m not a greenhouse grower. After that, I may want one that flowers frequently or has a fragrance.

Now for the Orchids

When choosing an orchid, it is a good idea to know how to distinguish a healthy orchid from an unhealthy orchid. To get the most bang for your buck, pick the orchid with the most enduring blooming power rather than the one whose blooms are on their way out.

Flowers and Spikes

I admit that when choosing an orchid I tend to look first at the flowers.  I want a plant with a lot of blooms that are just starting to open.  This way I will be able to enjoy the blooms for the longest amount of time.  I also look for the number of spikes.  Why buy a plant with only one spike when I can buy one with two for the same price? This phalaenopsis pictured below, with 3 flower spikes, was the same price as another with only 1 spike.



Even though my eye is immediately drawn to the flowers, they are not the only consideration. Take a minute to check out the roots.  This is especially important if the plant has been sitting on the shelf at the store. If the plant is potted in a clear plastic pot and then slipped into a secondary pot, carefully lift the orchid out of the secondary pot. Do not pull on the plant; instead, lift out the clear plastic pot to look at the roots. This precaution will prevent you from uprooting the plant, something you definitely do not want to do.

Make sure the roots are firm.  Aerial roots, roots that grow right out of the pot,  are just fine. Roots are bright green if they have been recently watered, but they are still healthy if they are lighter green or white.  If the roots are limp, they have been overwatered and are dead.  If that is the case, choose another plant.  



Now, look at the leaves.  Bright, green, stiff leaves that point upward are healthy.  Floppy, dark green, leathery leaves are light and water-deprived.  Avoid dark, discolored spots or patches that may be a sign of disease.

Healthy Leaves


Unhealthy Leaves



When choosing an orchid, pseudobulbs are another consideration. If you are going for a Phalaenopsis, you can skip this section.  Otherwise, read on.  Orchids, the Phalaenopsis and Vandas being exceptions, have water storage in their pseudobulbs.  Remember, when choosing an orchid, these pseudobulbs should be upright, smooth and firm, not wrinkly or squishy.


Now, for the Flowers

Lastly, when choosing an orchid, take another look at the flowers.  Pick a plant with as many flower spikes as you can.  For optimum bloom time, find an orchid with lots of healthy unopened flower buds.  Inspect the buds at the end of the spike. If they appear shriveled, it is likely that they will shrivel up and fall off without ever blooming. 

When looking at the buds, be sure to take off your blinders and look at the plant as a whole. This next image is an example of what not to do. When I bought this Cymbidium, pictured below, I was so enchanted by the number of buds I neglected to look at the leaves, which were covered in dark spots, a sign of a bacterial infection. Thankfully I did not set it with my other orchids, and I was able to return the orchid and exchange it for another one. You can be sure that I took the time to examine the leaves this time!


Choosing an Orchid to Gift

Being an educated and discriminating shopper will help you buy the healthiest, most exquisite orchid for your money, one that will lift your spirit and everyone else who will have the pleasure of seeing it. After giving my friend Mary Gardner an orchid, she texted me this kind message:

“Why does that orchid make me so happy? Is it because it feels so good to get an unexpected thank you, or is it because the flower itself is so delicate and beautiful that it touches my soul? Do they do that for you too? Either way, it sure made my day, thank you.”

Spread the joy, share an orchid!

Ready to learn more?

Learn How to Safely Transport Your Orchids

Get to Point A to Point B - No Problem


Limp Leaves: Signal a Watering Problem

To solve your problem, read on!


Top Tools for RePotting Orchids

Potting Orchids Just Got Easier









  1. Samira Trad says:

    Hello my dear Orchidbliss
    I am so glad to get this message form you,and glad to know everything about Orchid.Now I have one Orchid but to day I found yellow one from it but I don’t know what shall I do. Many thanks from you have a good time.s

    1. Anna says:

      I assume it is the leaves that are turning yellow. There are two things I would check for. First, look at the roots. If you see a lot of mushy looking roots it means you are over watering. Second, your orchid may require more light. Or, it may just be a part of the natural cycle of the plant. The lower leaves will, overtime, slowly die, and new ones will grow.

  2. Kathi Ann says:

    Hello Anna.
    My Phals are beginning to improve slightly. As a beginner I believe I over-watered them, so they are just beginning to pick up. As I stated before they are nestled under my mango tree in the tropics.
    I also have Dendrobiums and recently noticed they were not sending out new shoots. I’ve since learned that I was not giving the roots enough air and was packing too much bark around the roots. Hoping to see some improvements. Thanks for your posts!

    1. Anna says:

      Kathi Ann,
      I’m glad you hear your Phals are doing better! Yes, Dendrobiums benefit from air circulation around their roots. They are also do not like sitting in water. It was great to hear from you again! Best of luck caring for your orchids!

  3. Kathi Ann says:

    Also the leaves on my phals are rather limp. What can be done to get them to stand erect again?

    1. Anna says:

      Kathi Ann,
      Limp leaves are a common problem, but one that can be solved. Follow this link to learn more: Limp Leaves
      Thanks for reaching out!

  4. Kathi-Ann says:

    Anna, it is wonderful that you respond to questions. Thanks so much for the care. As a new orchid lover, I think I’ll stick with the Dendrobiums. Phals seem too picky for me, but I’ll keep trying. Can’t seem to get the watering method right.
    Thanks again Anna..

    1. Anna says:

      Kathi Ann,
      I’m glad you’re enjoying Dendrobiums!
      Keep in touch,

  5. Kay Edgar says:

    Hi Anna, thank you for the News Letter, does anyone in Australia do the Terrariums, my little Denbrobiums I purchased at the Garden Show are doing very well. Are the Brassia Orchids very common in the Metro Area or do you purchase from a specialist.

    1. Anna says:

      I’ve purchased my Brassia from an orchid specialist. Anyone else have tips on where to purchase a Brassia orchid?

  6. Barb says:

    Dear Anna, About 5yrs ago I bought a dendrobium (Emma White) without any spikes or blooms. This year I hung it outside in a tree & it grew a huge spike with 8 buds on it. Living up north I had to bring it indoors. I have followed all your advice in caring for it, however no blooms have opened, & it has been over a month since I brought it indoors. The buds still look great, just not opening! Would so appreciate any advice you could give me. Thank-you so much for your time & knowledge. Fondly, Barb

    1. Anna says:

      Just give it time. I too have a dendrobium that I brought in for the winter. It has a few flower spikes. All of the flowers have opened on one spike, the others are lagging behind. Give your orchid time. It will take a while, but they will open.

  7. Jane Boyce says:

    Hi Anna
    Please, can you advise how to get rid of mealy bugs?

    1. Anna says:

      It is important to treat mealybugs right away as they spread so quickly. A Q-tip soaked in rubbing alcohol is a good way to begin treatment but is ineffective against mealybugs feeding on roots. In addition, use an insecticidal soap so control the infestation. Repeat treatment per label instructions.
      Best of luck,

  8. Pamela says:


    My Phal has tons of aerial roots. When I transplant, how do I get it into a different pot with the air roots in the way?

    1. Anna says:

      Soak the roots for about 20 minutes or so to make the roots more pliable. When you pot up the roots, use one hand to turn the orchid so that the roots kind of swirl down into the pot. Also, it is okay for aerial roots to remain aerial roots. Those roots have acclimated to remaining out in the air. Some people like to pot them up for aesthetic reasons. If the roots don’t bother you, leave them out of the pot. Another option is to mount your phal – then the roots can grow uninhibited. If you are really brave, you can cut the stem of the orchid and pot up the aerial roots and leave the bottom half as-is. If all goes well, the bottom half will grow new leaves and flowers and the top half will recover and grow. Just want you to be aware of your options.


  9. Angie says:

    Hi Anna
    I’ve just been gifted a huge Vanda Orchid which I have to keep inside as it gets very windy where I live and it would break.
    It is not potted so I am having huge difficulty watering it as I haven’t got a bucket big enough to put in to water
    Is spraying daily going to be ok, I don’t want to kill it
    Thanks a million

    1. Anna says:

      Could you take it to the bathtub or shower? I don’t know that misting the roots would be sufficient.
      All my best,

  10. Jane Patricia Boyce says:

    Unfortunately I have bought an orchid that had its middle leaf broken off. I did realise at the time. It’s flowered for the second time but obviously there are no more leaves able to grow.
    Do you know what will happen to it?

    1. Anna says:

      Given time, your orchid will grow new leaves, provided that the orchid is healthy.
      All my best,

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Are your orchid leaves limp and wrinkly?

Get your FREE cheat sheet on how to prevent limp orchid leaves.